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Sea Otter Savvy

Sea Otter Science And Community Outreach

Be Sea Otter Savvy!

There are simple guidelines you can follow to avoid disturbing sea otters.
You can help by practicing these yourself, and encouraging others to do the same!
Visit our "What is Disturbance?" page to learn more about this human impact to sea otters.

Read or print pdfGuidelines for responsible sea otter viewing


What to Do About Curious Sea Otters

Sea otters occupy the nearshore coastline where people live, work, and recreate. Where people are regular visitors, sea otters may become habituated to human presence. Sea otters who have lost their natural fear of humans become bolder. In most cases, habituated sea otters will simply allow humans to get closer before fleeing. But on rare occasions, they may demonstrate aggression towards humans and pets or try to interact with humans by climbing on kayaks, paddleboards, or docks. Responsible wildlife viewers must prevent such physical interactions.

Direct interaction with sea otters can be dangerous to pets, people, and the sea otters themselves. Sea otters are carnivores with powerful jaws and sharp teeth that can inflict serious injury. Because they are dangerous animals, sea otters who display aggression towards people or pets are likely to be removed from the wild. Please do your part to prevent these hazardous interactions from occurring. Sea otters don’t know better. You do.

How can I help?

Never allow your dog to chase, harass, or interact with a sea otter. A dog can injure a sea otter, and a sea otter can easily harm or kill a dog. Even interactions perceived as “playful” by dog owners can lead to injury or even death. Direct interactions with sea otters also risk disease transmission between your pet, you, and the sea otter.

If a sea otter approaches your kayak, stay calm and discourage interaction. Do not try to touch, pet, or photograph the sea otter. DO...

  1. Recognize the danger of the situation. Sea otters can inflict a severe bite.
  2. Paddle away from the sea otter.
  3. Make yourself large and noisy. Splash the water with your paddle.

If these deterrents fail and the sea otter attempts to climb on your kayak, take more vigorous measures:

  1. Directly splash the sea otter with water and make noise by hitting the kayak with your paddle. Do not make contact with the sea otter.
  2. If a sea otter approaches a member of your party, assist that person in keeping the sea otter off their kayak by using the same methods described here.
  3. Do not try to touch or pet the sea otter or pause to take pictures.

If all above methods fail and the sea otter still attempts to climb on your kayak:

Use your paddle or another object to block access or push the sea otter off your craft. Federal laws protect sea otters and harassing or injuring a sea otter without a permit is illegal. However, a gentle nudge with your paddle to prevent a sea otter from climbing aboard is acceptable if needed to protect you and the sea otter from harm.

Be a good sea otter steward off the water. Recognize that posting videos and photos of dangerous sea otter encounters may promote similar wildlife interactions in the future. Use care when you share.

Your behavior can help keep sea otters wild!

Learn about habituated wildlife in National Parks:

guidelines know Better graphic web

Guidelines for other user types


Wildlife and boaters can safely enjoy our coastal waters:

  • Enter and exit harbors with no wake
  • Assign spotters when possible to watch for wildlife ahead
  • Steer clear of kelp beds

Allow plenty of space to avoid collisions or disturbance. The larger the boat, the more space you should keep between you and resting sea otters. The "5 length rule" applies, but scale it up for your boat's dimensions. Sail and power boats of any size should never approach closer than 100 feet, equivalent to 2.5 school buses! Discover more tips for boaters.

Sea Otters on Shore

Sea otters sometimes rest on beaches, rocks, or docks, a normal behavior known as "hauling out". Sea otters are awkward on land and should be given extra space to avoid disturbance or aggressive encounters. Read more on our page, Sea Otters on the Shore.

Sea Otter Photography

Sea otters are a popular subject for photography and video. In the age of the internet, images depicting sea otters in both wild and captive settings are easy to find, like, and share. At Sea Otter Savvy we encourage enjoyment of the many wonderful images of sea otters, but with a healthy dose of awareness and scrutiny. Photographers seeking the perfect sea otter image should maintain a respectful distance. Any approach or behavior that provokes a response by the sea otter constitutes disturbance and/or harassment. No photo is worth the cost of disturbance to the sea otter. Learn more about sea otter images and see work by some of our favorite photographers on our photography page.


What else can you do to help?

guidelines girlPractice behavior that is respectful to sea otters and all wildlife when sharing their space.

  • Encourage others to think about the needs and well‐being of sea otters when they are viewing them—be a sea otter savvy role model!
  • Be proficient at handling and maneuvering your watercraft, whatever type or size of craft you are operating. First time kayaking? Ask for instruction on how to turn and stop skillfully before launching. It's safer for you and it's safer for wildlife!

Most people love sea otters and do not wish them harm. Armed with a little information, we can share the coastal environment respectfully and peacefully with sea otters! Understanding the needs of sea otters is most important to help prevent disturbance, but don't forget, sea otters are protected from harassment by two federal laws, state law and a number of local laws and regulations. Harassment and disturbance of them, even when unintentional, violates the law!

Learn about the laws and regulations protecting sea otters.